It is important to distinguish between papers that
are rejected (and which, if submitted again after substantial reworking,
would be considered new papers) and papers for which the editorial
decision is to "reconsider after major revision." In the
former case, the paper has clearly been rejected and any future resubmission
would have to be significantly enough revised to effectively constitute
a new paper; a different set of referees and even a different
Editor may be chosen for the paper. Such papers should be resubmitted
using the online tool as a new submission. In the "reconsider
after major revision" case, an accept or reject decision is neither
made nor implied. However the intention is to continue with the same
Editor and usually the same reviewers.
If your decision is to "resubmit after major
revision," the email will ask that the manuscript be revised
taking into account the comments provided. The tool also requests
that an author prepare a separate input detailing how the points raised
by the referees and by you have been addressed (and if not, why not)
in the revised manuscript. The author is also allowed to provide comments
intended only for the Editor.
Finally, it is our editorial goal to try to reach
a final editorial decision to either reject or accept a paper (perhaps
with minor revisions) after two rounds of reviews.