The next task is to select an appropriate set of
reviewers. While a minimum of two reviews is needed, three are recommended.
As some reviewers will not complete the review process, it is recommended
that you invite more reviewers initially, such as four reviewers.
Determining which reviewers are "appropriate"
will often required that you read the paper yourself. You can often
determine who is appropriate by then consulting the references at
the end of the paper or by searching the reviewer database in the
online tool. Note that you should be careful not to select a referee
who is too close to the generation of the work that is being reviewed.
For example, individuals who work in the same group or department
within a company or university or who have had previous interactions
with the present authors (i.e. as co-authors of recent papers or as
thesis advisor/student should not be selected as referees for such
Also, unless otherwise indicated, the Editor
should not act as an anonymous reviewer. The Editor
may provide feedback as well, without anonymity, to the authors in the decision letter.
It is important that the Editor maintain an open role in the editing process. Editors are
strongly recommended to provide their own comments and justification on the editorial
Past experience has shown that high quality reviews
can often be obtained by choosing referees who are less well known
but who have more time and/or more particular interest in the paper
being reviewed. Careful selection of the right referees (i.e. those
who are technically competent to review the paper and who are likely
to provide a thoughtful and thorough review in a timely manner) can
decrease the overall time needed for the review process by obviating
the need for you to go out later and request additional reviews.